Zukunfts[T]raum – eine Schule für Waisen
2018 — Tansania
IBBTE I Institut für Baustofflehre, Bauphysik, Gebäudetechnologie und Entwerfen
Dipl.-Ing. Peter Schürmann
Bachelor thesis Saskia Maier
Since Dezember 2014 ‚Dunia Ya Heri – African Family & Health Care e. V.’ has been registered as a non-profit organization. Seven founders from different work backgrounds had the wish to give a life with perspective to orphans. The christian faith runs as a common thread through the whole project and the education. Responsible for the children’s education are so called ‘Mamas’. Each of them takes care of five children. The project Dunia Ya Heri is 50 km from Dar es Salaam, a city with 4.4 million citizens. The road which comes from the southern direction ends after about 30 km and transforms into a smaller sandy road. Another 20 km later you reach a small village called ‘ Yale Yale Puna’. From here you take a little path to get to the property. It took us two hours of travel to get here.
Every child needs a perspective – Besides dormitory rooms they also need a primary school for the orphan kids. This was our project of last semester.
Workshop on site – what do you like the most on your school? What are you wishing for?
Transform rooms – create forms of learning
Our goal is to create a school which is fun. Besides conservative forms of lessons there should also be more modern and different forms of education. Flexible design creates a multi-functional space which of course serves as a school in the first place. Between the two classrooms there is the core with moveable book shelfs which give freedom for creativity. Within a grid of 4 by 4 m you can create almost every room you can think of. From spaces of communication to little reading corners, playgrounds or chillout-lounges or even one classroom under a big roof everything is possible.
The roof as an important element
There are two rainy seasons in Tanzania: ‘the long rains’ in April and May and ‘the short rains’ in November and December. At a roof pitch of 40° the rain water is not able get further in than 2-3 cm. In the north and the south the roof is open but also beveled so that no water but as much wind as possible gets in. Warm air can ascend and get out. We use the trade winds in order to get a good climate in the building. In the east and the west the roof is drawn very close to the ground to block the sun and keep the rooms cool. This will also create a shady ‘play street’ on both sides of the building.
The roof of our school will be a purlin-based structure from eucalyptus wood. The arcade plate, the under purlin and the principle purlin support the rafters which follow a two-meter-grid. Brick walls and wooden columns carry the roof. The walls will be rendered and painted. A concrete floor is the base of our school.